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Criminal Extradition

Extradition to the United States of America

Non-citizens of the United States charged via federal criminal complaint or federal indictment often find themselves facing extradition to the United States of America to face federal criminal prosecution. This may occur even though the individual has never been to the United States or only been a few times. Federal criminal conspiracies, be they narcotics or fraud related, often envelop people from Europe, Asia, and South America. I have represented people extradited from Asia, Australia, Europe, United Kingdom, and South America.

It is extremely unsettling to be traveling through an airport, for example in London, and be suddenly pulled aside, taken into custody based upon a Red Notice. If you are a foreigner arrested pursuant to a Red Notice from the United States, federal criminal defense attorney Mark J. O’Brien can fight back on your behalf.

Interpool

Interpool is the International Criminal Police Organization. Interpool is an inter-governmental organization that cooperates in effectuating arrests of individual wanted on criminal charges while in member countries. Interpool has 196 member countries in total. Interpool assists law enforcement in these 196 member countries enforce criminal laws. Interpool has a computer data base and system that shares crimes and criminal data and information with member countries.

The General Secretariat operates Interpool’s daily efforts to fight a range of crimes. Headed by the Secretary General, Interpool is staffed by both police and civilians. Its headquarters is based in Lyon, with a global crime fighting complex Singapore, and has several satellite offices in different regions of the world.

In each country, an INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB) provides the central point of contact for the General Secretariat and other NCBs. An NCB is run by national police officials and usually sits in the government ministry responsible for policing.

Red Notice

A Red Notice is a request to law enforcement worldwide to locate and provisionally arrest a person pending extradition, surrender, or similar legal action. It is based on an arrest warrant or court order issued by the judicial authorities in the requesting country. Member countries apply their own laws in deciding whether to arrest a person.

It contains two main types of information:

• Information to identify the wanted person, such as their name, date of birth, nationality, hair and eye color, photographs, and DNA and fingerprints (if available).

• Information related to the crime the person is wanted for, which most commonly is money laundering, wire fraud, mail fraud, terrorism, gun trafficking, drug trafficking, human trafficking, or other crimes of violence.

Red Notices are published by Interpool at the request of a member country. All Red Notices must comply with the Constitution and Rules set forth by Interpool.